Skip to main content

That Bread is Mine, Too

Okay, so the State was smashed yesterday morning. Now what?

Obviously, everybody will go his/her own way and make oodles of gold. Some of it will be spent on protection agents and arbitration. And we shall be ever-vigilant against the return of the State!

But what are we going to do if someone wants his money back?

Such a question is far from academic, for one’s view of justice seems to determine one’s revolutionary tactics. Robert LeFevre, the anarcho-pacifist, pursues a purely educational route because he has foresworn the use of defensive restitutive force. What else can he do? Murray Rothbard, enamored with “temporary” political expedients, pursues popular fronts with rightists, then leftists, then partyarchs. With his “double restitution” or “restitution plus punishment” theory, he finds himself allied with the Penal Institution crowd regardless of other alliances.

Ayn Rand seeks unlimited restitution, and since infinity can only be achieved mystically she must resurrect a gover…

3D Printing for Libertarians: A Beginner's Guide

Although this article is meant specifically for members of the liberty movement, it should be helpful to anyone interested in learning the basics of 3D printing.

3D printing is an excellent example of a vertical counter-economic strategy (outlined here, by Per Bylund). By decentralizing the manufacturing process, 3D printers hold the promise of turning every basement into a Walmart - or better yet, a gun shop. The fact is, empowering individual and community control over the manufacturing process, necessarily means the state has less control, and that is the goal of counter-economics and the liberty movement in general. Karl Hess wrote in the agorist classic, Community Technology, “The most powerful point to be made for community technology efforts is that when people take any part of their lives back into their own hands, for their own purposes, the cause of local liberty is advanced…”

Getting started with 3D printing can be intimidating and may even seem overwhelming at times. I’ve been printing for a couple years now & when I look back on my experience as a newbie, there’s a lot of information I wish I had when learning the ropes. Still though, I'm a hobbyist and not yet an expert. In fact, if not for having friends in the professional maker community, I’d doubtless have been lost a long time ago.  So, in the hopes of making the process easier on you, here’s what you need to know in order to get started.

You’re going to need 3 things from the jump.                         

  1. 3D Printer
  2. Filament
  3. Software

Choosing the Right Printer

Selecting the right 3-D printer has become an increasingly difficult task as the range of options for consumers has increased. Although there are many options to choose from, most non-commercial printers use either FDM or SLA, with the former being more common.

FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling)
These are the printers you’ve likely seen on Youtube and you may even have a friend who has one. They are much more common and will be the focus of this article. A filament, usually plastic (although composites of wood, carbon-fiber, metals & other materials can also be used), get fed through an extruder. It’s then melted and deposited onto a bed, layer after layer. Eventually, this process creates a 3-D rendering.

SLA (Stereolithography)

SLA printers use photons to harden a two-dimensional pattern in liquid resin. The object is then moved up or down, depending on the printer, and a new layer is added. This process is repeated until the print is finished. Although costs are beginning to come down, SLA printers are still more expensive than their FDM counterparts and thus, are less prevalent.

For my own part, I run a Flash Forge Creator Pro (FDM), and I’ve never had any major issues with it. Some of the features I like are the dual extruder, & the large, heated bed. This means the CreatorPro is capable of handling a large range of prints. The dual extruder allows two materials to print at once, which is useful for example, when printing with different colors or using different materials for supports. The heated bed comes in handy when using ABS because it improves the quality of the print by preventing warping. This is done by ensuring the bottom and top of the print don’t cool at wildly different rates. Warping will ruin many projects and is terribly frustrating, trust me! Finally, the large bed size provides the freedom to scale up a model if a particular project calls for it.

Understanding Filaments             

The most common filaments used in FDM printing are ABS and PLA plastics. ABS has a higher melting point (230⁰ Celsius) and requires a heated bed of around 110⁰ C. Some people complain about the smell but I honestly can’t tell a difference. ABS is a more hardy material and less brittle than PLA. Also, if your print calls for a smooth finish, ABS can subjected to a vapor bath, whereas the same can’t be said for PLA.

The print on the left has been smoothed out using an acetone vapor bath. The image on the right is untreated.

However, in the end PLA is still an easier material to work with. It has a glossier finish and because of it’s lower melting temperature, doesn’t require a heated bed. This also means it’s less likely to warp and can you give you a finer edge. I’ve found it adheres nicely to regular masking tape. For larger prints, I sometimes apply a glue stick for extra adherence.

Exotic filaments are a bit more tricky. Different materials and even different prints will require different settings. I’ve printed neat little drones using Carbon Fiber Filament, but I’ve also ruined several nozzles with it. A host of flexible materials like TPU & Ninjaflex are available for applications like sandals, wallets, and watchbands. Hatchbox Wood is personally, one of my favorite filaments and was used to create the African tribal masks seen below. It can even be stained, as is the mask on the left. Marble, brass, copper and even graphene filaments are available as well.


Lastly, you’re going to need software that will translate your 3D models into instructions your printer will be able to understand. Makerbot Print is an excellent, free option for beginners. However, like everything else, you get what you pay for. A better option, in my opinion, is Simplify3D. It costs $149 and is worth every penny. It has a higher slicing speed than Makerbot Print, which means you won’t have to wait as long for the file to be processed. Simplify3D also has more features, which gives you more control, and ultimately produces a higher-quality print.

Once you’ve got a basic understanding of the printer, filament, and software that you’re using, it really isn’t that difficult. 3D printing can be a powerful, counter-economic tool. Or it can simply be a creative outlet and useful skill to have. 

If you have any remaining questions, as always feel free to contact me directly at


Popular posts from this blog

The Economics of BTC Maximalism

BTC maximalism is a flawed doctrine, fallacious in numerous respects. 

First, if you'd prefer to hear these arguments in audio, check out this recent episode of ABNP, where @mrpseu & I discused these same topics. 

Also, a qualifier: I'm not capable of making, defending or refuting technical arguments. I'll leave that aspect of the debate to others. My concerns with BTC maximalism are entirely economic and can be divided into four areas. 

Based on the criteria for saleability as laid out by the austrian school, BTC is not the most marketable digital commodity.A lack of portability relative to other cryptocurrencies implies BTC isn't as sound of a commodity. Value storage is a secondary function of money and cannot satisfy the use-value requirement of regression theorem. BTC maximalism lays waste to the Hayekian notion of competition as a discovery procedure. This final point was addressed in detail on episode 50 of The Agora, Crypto-Economics and thus, isn't elabor…

Global Warming & Economics

Libertarians who deny the existence of global warming run the risk of making us all look like a bunch of illiterate fools.

Much like economics, being ignorant of planetology or climate science isn't a crime, but having a "loud and vociferous" opinion on the subject while remaining in a state of ignorance can be a dangerous thing. And frankly, the science behind climate change is elementary.

Sunlight enters our atmosphere and warms our planet. Earth then gives off that heat in the form of infrared radiation (this is the same principle behind those cool goggles our collapsitarian friends have). However, and this is a crucial point - the CO₂ molecules in our atmosphere do not allow IR to easily escape back into space. This is known as the greenhouse effect. As the temperature of the planet increases, polar ice caps melt and eventually surface water will begin to evaporate. Since H₂0 also prevents IR from escaping our atmosphere, the additional water vapor only compounds th…

Don't Vote for Alex

It is 2019 and in Norway, that means county and city-election year. You can vote for me, but this article is all about why you really shouldn't. [1] There are several ways to say 'No'. This is a story about the time I said 'Yes', what I will stay positive to and what I will be negative toward. 

"But it is immoral to support politicians to oppress us because they might relieve us one oppression" - Samuel Edward Konkin III

First of all, there is some explaining to do: In my last article on the New Libertarian I argued that party politics is a waste of time and that you could use that time more productive so this entire piece seems like its contradicting that one. It might, that is up to you to judge for yourself (and if you want a chat I'm very approachable on Twitter), but in my defense, I will highlight two things:

One: I'm not against solution-finding, culture-building or exchange of ideas. I can give no brighter example of this happening than the…